Principle of the Assay

This assay employs the quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique. A monoclonal antibody specific for IGF-1 has been pre-coated onto a microplate. Standard, control, or sample and the working solution of Biotin-Conjugate are pipetted into the wells. Following incubation and wash steps, any IGF-1 present is bound by the immobilized antibody and the detection antibody specific for IGF-1 is binds to the combination of capture antibody-IGF-1 in sample. Following a wash to remove any unbound combination, and enzyme conjugate is added to the wells. Following incubation and wash steps a substrate is added. A coloured product is formed in proportion to the amount of IGF-1 present in the sample. The reaction is terminated by addition of acid and absorbance is measured at 450nm. A standard curve is prepared from seven IGF-1 standard dilutions and IGF-1 sample concentration determined.

For Use with serum, plasma and cell culture supernatants. For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.

Target Information

Interleukin 6(IGF-1) is a multifunctional protein produced by lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells and by normal and transformed cells, including T cells, monocyte/macrophages, fibroblasts, hepatocytes, vascular endothelial cells, cardiac myxomas, bladder cell carcinomas, myelomas, astrogliomas and glioblastomas. The production of IGF-1 in these cells is regulated, either positively or negatively, by a variety of signals including mitogens, antigenic stimulation, lipopolysaccharides, IL-1, TNF, PDGF and viruses.

The human IGF-1 cDNA sequence predicts a protein of 212 amino acid (aa) residues in length with two potential N-glycosylation sites. The hydrophobic N-terminal 28 aa residue signal peptide is cleaved to produce a mature protein of 184 amino acids with four cysteine residues and a predicted molecular mass of 21 kDa. The mouse IGF-1 cDNA sequence shows a homology of 42% at the aa level when compared with the human sequence. On the basis of sequence similarity and gene structural motif similarity, IGF-1 can be grouped in a family of cytokines that also includes OSM, G-CSF, LIF, and CNTF. All of these cytokines are predicted to have a four-helix bundle structure similar to that found for growth hormone, suggesting that they all evolved from a common ancestral gene.

The effects of IGF-1 on different cells are numerous and varied. The effect on B cells is stimulation of differentiation and antibody secretion. IGF-1 also affects T cells, acting as a co-stimulant with sub-optimal concentrations of PHA or Con A to stimulate IL-2 production and IL-2 receptor expression.

IGF-1 exhibits growth factor activity for mature thymic or peripheral T-cells and reportedly enhances the differentiation of cytotoxic T-cells in the presence of IL-2 or IFN-γ. IGF-1 stimulates production of acute phase proteins by hepatocytes and has colony-stimulating activity on hematopoietic stem cells. IGF-1 has growth factor activities and will stimulate the growth of myeloma/hybridoma/ plasmacytoma cells, EBV-transformed B cells, keratinocytes and mesangial cells.

GENE ID 3479

Materials Supplied

Kit Components 96 Wells Quantity/Size
Aluminium pouches with a Microwell Plate coated with antibody to human IGF-1 (812) 1 plate
Human IGF-1 standard lyophilized, 4000 pg/ml upon reconstitution 2 vials
Concentrated Biotin-Conjugate anti-human IGF-1 antibody 2 vials
Streptavidin-HRP solution 2 vials
Standard /sample Diluent 1 bottle
Biotin-Conjugate antibody Diluent 1 bottle
Streptavidin-HRP Diluent 1 bottle
Wash Buffer Concentrate 20x (PBS with 1% Tween-20) 1 bottle
Substrate Solution 1 vial
Stop Solution 1 vial
Adhesive Films 4 pieces
Product data sheet 1 copy


Storage Store at 2 - 8°C

Performance Characteristics

REPEATABILITY The coefficient of variation of both intra-assay and inter-assay were less than 10%.
SENSITIVITY The minimum detectable dose was 30pg/mL.
ASSAY RANGE 62.50 - 4000 pg/mL
SPECIFICITY This assay recognizes both natural and recombinant human IGF-1. The factors listed below were prepared at 50ng/ml in standard /sample Diluent and assayed for cross-reactivity and no significant cross-reactivity or interference was observed.
Factors assayed for cross-reactivity
Recombinant human FGF-acidic, HGF , insulin, TGF-beta 1, TGF-beta 2, VEGF
Recombinant mouse IGF-1, IGF-2