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    GSK-3 Beta Polyclonal Antibody, Cy3 Conjugated

    Overview
    Catalog # bs-0028M-Cy3
    Product Name GSK-3 Beta Polyclonal Antibody, Cy3 Conjugated
    Applications IF(IHC-P)
    Reactivity Human, Rat
    Specifications
    Conjugation Cy3
    Host Mouse
    Source KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human GSK-3 Beta
    Immunogen Range 335-380/420
    Clonality Polyclonal
    Isotype IgG
    Concentration 1ug/ul
    Purification Purified by Protein A.
    Storage Aqueous buffered solution containing 1% BSA, 50% glycerol and 0.09% sodium azide. Store at 4°C for 12 months.
    Target
    Gene ID 2932
    Swiss Prot P49841
    Subcellular location Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Cell membrane
    Synonyms Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta; GSK-3 beta; Serine/threonine-protein kinase GSK3B; GSK3B
    Background Constitutively active protein kinase that acts as a negative regulator in the hormonal control of glucose homeostasis, Wnt signaling and regulation of transcription factors and microtubules, by phosphorylating and inactivating glycogen synthase (GYS1 or GYS2), EIF2B, CTNNB1/beta-catenin, APC, AXIN1, DPYSL2/CRMP2, JUN, NFATC1/NFATC, MAPT/TAU and MACF1. Requires primed phosphorylation of the majority of its substrates. In skeletal muscle, contributes to insulin regulation of glycogen synthesis by phosphorylating and inhibiting GYS1 activity and hence glycogen synthesis. May also mediate the development of insulin resistance by regulating activation of transcription factors. Regulates protein synthesis by controlling the activity of initiation factor 2B (EIF2BE/EIF2B5) in the same manner as glycogen synthase. In Wnt signaling, GSK3B forms a multimeric complex with APC, AXIN1 and CTNNB1/beta-catenin and phosphorylates the N-terminus of CTNNB1 leading to its degradation mediated by ubiquitin/proteasomes. Phosphorylates JUN at sites proximal to its DNA-binding domain, thereby reducing its affinity for DNA. Phosphorylates NFATC1/NFATC on conserved serine residues promoting NFATC1/NFATC nuclear export, shutting off NFATC1/NFATC gene regulation, and thereby opposing the action of calcineurin. Phosphorylates MAPT/TAU on 'Thr-548', decreasing significantly MAPT/TAU ability to bind and stabilize microtubules. MAPT/TAU is the principal component of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer disease. Plays an important role in ERBB2-dependent stabilization of microtubules at the cell cortex. Phosphorylates MACF1, inhibiting its binding to microtubules which is critical for its role in bulge stem cell migration and skin wound repair. Probably regulates NF-kappa-B (NFKB1) at the transcriptional level and is required for the NF-kappa-B-mediated anti-apoptotic response to TNF-alpha (TNF/TNFA).