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    Protocols
    Bioss is dedicated to helping you achieve exceptional results. Our top-notch scientific support team has worked hard to develop these protocols for all our applications. We hope these instructional aids assist you in your research!



     



    Direct ELISA Protocolpdf iconDOWNLOAD A PDF

    This protocol is a recommendation only. Please optimize the procedure since experimental conditions can vary for different samples.

    Coating Antigen to Plate
    1. Coat the wells of a 96 well plate with 100μL of the desired antigen diluted in bicarbonate/carbonate solution. Include a serial dilution of the antigen for analysis.
    2. Cover plate with parafilm or plastic adhesive and incubate overnight at 4°C.
    3. Remove coating solution and wash plate 2 times with 200μL Phosphate-buffered saline +0.05% Tween20 (PBST). The solutions or washed are removed by flicking the plate over a sink. The remaining drops are removed by patting the plate on a paper towel.
    Blocking
    1. Block the remaining protein binding sites in the coated wells by adding 200μL of blocking buffer(1% milk/PBS or 1%BSA/PBS).
    2. Cover the plate and incubate for 2 hours at room temperature (RT).
    3. Wash plate 2 times with 200μL PBST.
    Antibody Incubation
    1. Add 100μL of antibody diluted in blocking buffer.
    2. Cover the plate and incubate at RT for 2 hours.
    3. Wash plate 2 times with 200μL PBST.
    Detection
    1. Add 100μL of the substrate solution per well.
    2. After sufficient color development add 100μL of stop solution to the wells.
    3. Read the absorbance of each well with a plate reader.
    Analysis
    1. Prepare a standard curve from the data produced from the serial dilutions with concentration on the X-axis vs. absorbance on the Y-axis. Interpolate the concentration of the sample from this standard curve.

     



    Indirect ELISA Protocol pdf iconDOWNLOAD A PDF

    Coating Antigen to Plate

    1. Coat the wells of a 96 well plate with 100μL of the desired antigen diluted in bicarbonate/carbonate solution. Include a serial dilution of the antigen for analysis.
    2. Cover plate with parafilm or plastic adhesive and incubate overnight at 4°C.
    3. Remove coating solution and wash plate 2 times with 200μL Phosphate-buffered saline +0.05% Tween20 (PBST). The solutions or washed are removed by flicking the plate over a sink. The remaining drops are removed by patting the plate on a paper towel.
    Blocking
    1. Block the remaining protein binding sites in the coated wells by adding 200μL of blocking buffer(1% milk/PBS or 1%BSA/PBS).
    2. Cover the plate and incubate for 2 hours at room temperature (RT).
    3. Wash plate 2 times with 200μL PBST.
    Antibody Incubation
    1. Add 100uL of antibody diluted in blocking buffer.
    2. Cover the plate and incubate for 2 hours at RT.
    3. Wash plate 2 times with 200μL PBST.
    4. Add 100uL of conjugated secondary antibody diluted in blocking buffer.
    5. Cover the plate and incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.
    6. Wash plate 2 times with 200μL PBST.
    Detection
    1. Add 100uL of the substrate solution per well.
    2. After sufficient color development add 100μL of stop solution to the wells.
    3. Read the absorbance of each well with a plate reader.
    Anaylsis
    1. Prepare a standard curve from the data produced from the serial dilutions with concentration on the X-axis vs. absorbance on the Y-axis. Interpolate the concentration of the sample from this standard curve.

     

     



    Sandwich ELISA Protocol pdf iconDOWNLOAD A PDF

    Coating with Capture Antibody

    1. Coat the wells of a 96-well plate with 100μL of the capture antibody diluted in bicarbonate/carbonate solution.
    2. Cover the plate with parafilm or plastic adhesive and incubate overnight at 4°C.
    3. Remove the coating solution and wash plate 2 times with 200μL Phosphate-buffered saline +0.05% Tween20 (PBST). The solutions and washes are removed by flicking the plate over a sink. The remaining drops are removed by patting the plate on a paper towel or by aspiration.
    Blocking
    1. Block the remaining protein-binding sites in the coated wells by adding 200μL blocking buffer per well.
    2. Cover the plate and incubate for 2 hours at room temperature (RT).
    3. Wash the plate 2 times with 200μL PBST.
    Adding Samples
    1. Add 100uL of appropriately diluted samples and standards.
      Note: For accurate quantitative results, always compare signal of unknown samples against those of a standard curve. Standards (in duplicate and triplicate) and a blank must be run with each plate for analysis and to ensure accuracy.
    2. Cover the plate and incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.
    3. Wash the plate 2 times with 200μL PBST.
    Incubation with Detection Antibody
    1. Add 100uL of diluted detection antibody to each well.
      Note: Be sure to check that the detection antibody recognizes a different epitope on the target protein to the capture antibody. This prevents interference with antibody binding.
    2. Cover the plate and incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.
    3. Wash the plate 4 times with PBS.
    4. Add 100μL of conjugated secondary antibody, diluted in blocking buffer immediately before use.
    5. Cover the plate and incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.
    6. Wash the plate 4 times with PBS.
    Detection
    1. Add 100μL of the substrate solution per well.
    2. After sufficient color development add 100μL of stop solution to the wells.
    3. Read the absorbance of each well with a plate reader.
    4. Prepare a standard curve from the data produced from the serial dilutions with concentration on the X-axis vs. absorbance on the Y-axis. Interpolate the concentration of the sample from this standard curve.